Short Course R3 B9

目录 Contents

Making the Turn and the Back Nine  (Questions 10-18) 

As you walk to the 10th tee, there’s a sign informing you that course maintenance had to modify their normal routine today and that you should expect slightly faster green speeds on the back nine… 

Hole 10 

Question: In stroke play, your ball comes to rest above and near a steep slope on the putting green. Without your authorization or knowledge, your caddie marks the spot of and lifts your ball, cleans it, and replaces it on its original spot. A gust of wind causes your ball at rest to move down the slope and it comes to rest on a different part of the putting green. Without marking the ball’s spot in the new location, you lift it and try to replace it on its original spot but it won’t come to rest. You try to replace it a second time, without success. Rather than moving away from the original spot to find the nearest spot where your ball will come to rest, you try to replace it on the original spot for a third time and, this time, the ball stays at rest. You then make a stroke from that spot, the original spot where it first came to rest on the putting green. How many penalty strokes do you get, if any? 

(a) 0 
(b) 1 
(c) 2 
(d) 3 


When you get to the putting green, you can immediately tell the putting green is running a bit faster, as you are forced to think through a number of unusual happenings. 

Your caddie can always mark, lift and clean your ball on the putting green (remember, the putting green is a special place where you can always lift your ball so this specific act is treated different from the many other actions your caddie must first have your permission or authorization to do – see Rule 10.3b.).  And, since your caddie lifted it, he or she can replace it too. 

Your ball now “owns the spot” because it’s been lifted or moved from that spot. Therefore, even though it moves due to the wind (a natural force) it owns the spot and you’ll need to replace back on the original spot before you play. 

When the ball doesn’t stay on the original spot, you did the right thing trying a second time and now must find the nearest spot where the ball will stay at rest. A quick reading of Rule 14.2e might have you thinking that trying a third time on the same spot isn’t the right procedure, but it’s pretty hard to get closer to the original spot than the original spot … right?!? 

All said, no penalties and ready for more Back Nine fun.  

问题: 在比杆赛中,你的球停在果岭,位于球洞的上方,靠近一个陡峭的下坡。你的球童在没有你的授权或知情的情况下标记了你的球位并把你的球拿起来,清洁干净,然后把它放置回原位。一阵风使你静止的球顺着斜坡向下滚,并停在果岭的另一个地方。你没有在新的位置上标记球位就把它拿了起来,试图把它放置回原位,但是它没静止下来。你第二次尝重置,没有成功。你没有离开原位去寻找离你的球最近的停点,而是第三次尝试在原位上重置它。这一次,球停静止在原地。然后,你从那里,也就是球第一次停在果岭上的那个地方打出一杆。如果要罚杆的话,你要罚多少杆? 

(a) 0 
(b) 1 
(c) 2 
(d) 3 

正确答案 A 


你的球童总是可以在果岭上标记、拿起和清洁你的球(记住,果岭是一个特殊的地方,你总是可以拿起你的球,所以,这个特定的行为与你的球童必须先得到你的许可或授权才能做的许多其他行为的处理方式不同–见规则10.3b)。 而且,既然你的球童拿起了它,他或她也可以把它放回原位。 

你的球现在 “拥有这个位置”,因为它已经在这个位置上被拿起或移走过。因此,即使它因风(一种自然力)而移动,它仍然拥有这个位置,你需要在打球前将其放回原位。 



Hole 11 

Question: Which one of the following is true regarding the replacement of your ball under the Rules? 

(a) The original ball must always be used. 
(b) Regardless of who moved your ball, your partner may always replace it. 
(c) If you make a stroke at your ball after it is replaced by someone who is not allowed, you lose the hole in match play. 
(d) You may replace your ball on its original spot by rolling it into position with a club. 


Hole 11, aptly names 3 myths and one truth, and tests your ability to distinguish that fact from those fictions. If there is one thing to by weary of, it’s the use of the word always when talking about the Rules, and immediately puts a target on one of the first two Options. 

For Option A, a quick read of Rule 14.2a will make clear that the original ball doesn’t always have to be used. While this is true in most situations you’ll encounter during a round (even here on the Short Course), the Rules do provide a few common sense exceptions that let you use another ball. 

In Option B, well this is an always you can trust, because your partner can do pretty much anything that you can. And in this case, your partner can always replace your ball, even if he or she wasn’t the one who lifted in the first place. 

Option C, speaks to one of the most common rules myths – that one-stroke penalties only exist in stroke play. The truth is that there are a number of one-stroke penalties in match play too, this being one of them. 

Finally, Option D focuses on the “how to” of replacing a ball. To properly replace (or place) a ball, it needs to be set down with your hand and on the correct spot. If you roll it back with your club, even if you get it to the right spot, you have failed to properly replace the ball.  


(a) 必须总是使用原球。 
(b) 无论谁移动了你的球,你的伙伴总是可以将它放回原位。 
(c) 如果你击打了一个被规则不允许的人放置回原位的球,在比洞赛中你会输掉该洞。 
(d) 你可以用球杆将你的球滚回到原来的位置上来实现重置(放置回原位)。 

正确答案 B 

第11洞,恰如其分地说出了3个谬传和1个事实同时考验你将这一事实与那些虚构的东西区分开来的能力。如果说有一件事必需注意的,那就是在谈论规则的时候使用 “总是(always)” 这个词,这样立即就把目标(答案)放在了前两个选项中的一个。 

对于选项A,快速阅读一下规则14.2a就会明白,原球并不总是必须使用。虽然你在一轮中遇到的大多数情况下都是如此(即使是在short course上),但规则确实提供了一些常识性的例外情况,让你使用另一个球。 


选项C,说的是最常见的规则谬传之一 —— 罚一杆只存在于比杆赛中。事实是,在比洞赛中也有许多罚一杆的,这就是其中之一。 

最后,选项D侧重于放置回原位的 “方法”。要正确地重置(或放置)一个球,需要用你的手把它放在正确的位置上。如果你用球杆把它滚回去,即使你把它静止在正确的位置上,你也没有正确地把球放置回原位。 

Hole 12

Question: Your ball comes to rest in a position where you have interference from ground under repair and are allowed relief under Rule 16.1b. You mark the spot of your ball and lift it to take relief, and then realize the relief area is under a bush. Which one of the following actions would result in you not getting one penalty stroke under Rule 9.4?

(a) Replace the ball on the original spot.
(b) Replace the ball on the original spot and then take unplayable ball relief (Rule 19.2).
(c) Without first replacing the ball, take back-on-the-line unplayable ball relief (Rule 19.2b) using the spot where the original ball lay as the reference point.
(d) Without first replacing the ball or dropping it in the relief area, take stroke-and-distance relief.


Every seasoned referee has come upon a player seeking rules help, only to wish they had arrived sooner in seeing there are no good relief options as the player smiles meekly having already lifted the ball (doesn’t it seem that our Short Course referees end up in that situation all the time??).

Fortunately, they all have a good understanding of Interpretation 9.4b/6, which provides helpful guidance to determine which Option will avoid a penalty stroke under Rule 9.4b.

Options A and B both result in a one penalty stroke under Rule 9.4. To avoid penalty here, you need to continue on and complete cart path relief under Rule 16.1. By not doing so, you are no longer allowed to lift the ball, and the Exceptions to Rule 9.4 no longer apply – unfortunately that penalty stroke does. Further, in Option B, you’ll need to add another penalty stroke when you decide to take unplayable relief.

Option C has a similar outcome to Option B in that you’ll end up with a penalty under Rule 9.4b and an additional penalty stroke for later deciding to take unplayable ball relief under Rule 19b. If you had decided to take unplayable relief before lifting the ball, you could have avoided the Rule 9.4b penalty. Unfortunately, that’s not what you did, so you’ll need to add two.

That leaves just Option D, where your dear friend, stroke-and-distance relief always seems to provide a way out. As has been noted before, always is rare in the Rules, but stroke and distance is, in fact, always an option.

That, however, doesn’t provide the full story as to why this option is available without getting a penalty under Rule 9.4, whereas the other two unplayable ball relief option don’t keep score the same way.

The difference with stroke-and-distance relief involves two points. The first is that you were allowed to lift your ball in the first place (because you had interference from an abnormal course condition). The second, is that regardless of whether you continued taking relief from the cart path under Rule 16.1, or directly took stroke-and-distance relief, you don’t need to establish a new reference point … the spot of your last stroke is fixed either way. Because of these two important points, you may proceed back to where you last played form without the additional one-stroke penalty.


(a) 把球放置回原位。

(b) 把球放置回原位,然后采取不可打之球的补救(规则19.2)。

(c) 球不放回原位,以球的初始位置为参照点,采取不可打之球的向后延线补救(规则19.2b)。

(d) 球既不放回原位,也不在补救区内抛球,而是采取一杆加距离的补救。

正确答案 D

每个经验丰富的裁判员都曾碰到这样的情形:赶到一个需要规则帮助的球员面前,却恨自己没能早点到场——这位球员在还没找到好的补救方案之前就已经笑眯眯地拿起了球。(我们的Short Course裁判不是经常遇到这种情况吗??)







Hole 13

Question: Your approach shot comes to rest on the putting green ten feet from the hole. As you are approaching your ball to mark its spot, a gust of wind moves your ball and it comes to rest down a slope and away from the hole where you are now faced with a more difficult putt. You ask your caddie to throw you a towel so you can clean your ball, but it comes up short and the wind blows your towel into your ball, causing it to move a few inches farther from the hole. Knowing that wind is a natural force, you play the ball from its new location. What is the ruling?

(a) You proceeded correctly and get no penalty.
(b) You get one penalty stroke.
(c) You get the general penalty.


Here on Hole 13 you demonstrated a good understanding in knowing that wind is a natural force, however the Rules don’t give your caddie a pass for that poor toss of your towel. This situation comes down to cause and effect and the timing involved.

You and your caddie saw the towel come up short of the target, with the wind blowing it into your ball.  So, you’ll want to ensure you replace your ball before making your next stroke. Having failed to do this, you earned the general penalty.

Extra credit to those of you who were scratching your head thinking that there’s no way to know whether Rule 9.4 or 9.6 applied here (that fact set was deliberately left vague noting it isn’t necessary to correctly answer the question and, after all, you are playing the Back Nine…). The following extra info should close that loop.

Let’s start with the status of the towel in the context of Rule 9. It is an outside influence (which is covered under Rule 9.6), as is anything that your caddie might throw your way.

Next, the following phrase that is included in the question, “but it comes up short and the wind blows your towel into your ball” can be read in two very different ways.

The first would be that the towel came up short of reaching you and it was blown directly into your ball. This would be the equivalent of your caddie dropping the towel directly onto your ball – in basic terms, your caddie should have been more careful and Rule 9.4 would apply.

The other way you could have read that phrase was that the terrible towel toss first came to rest on the putting green, and only then the wind blew the towel toward your ball and moved it. In this reading, Rule 9.6 would apply (and Interpretation 9.6/1 helps to make that clear).

Repeating from earlier, because you failed to replace your ball before you played, it is not necessary to know which of these Rules applied to correctly answer the question, but it’s the extra information here in our “Thoughts on the Round” that we hope gives you a better understanding of when to blame your caddie and when you can give him or her a pass.

问题: 你把球攻上果岭,球停在离洞10英尺的果岭上。当你走向你的球准备标记它的位置时,一阵风吹动了你的球,使它移动到并静止在一个斜坡上且离球洞更远了,你现在面临一个更困难的推杆。你让你的球童给你扔一条毛巾,这样你可以清洁你的球,但毛巾扔短了,风把你的毛巾吹到了你的球上,导致它离洞口又远了几英寸。你知道风是一种自然力,你从新的位置打了球。判定是什么?

(a) 你的处理正确,没有处罚。
(b) 你被罚一杆。
(c) 你得到一般性处罚。

正确答案 C


你和你的球童已经看到毛巾扔短了,风把它吹到你的球上。 因此,你要确保在进行下一次击球前把你的球放置回原位。没有这样做,你得到了一般性处罚。







Hole 14

Question: Your tee shot comes to rest in a muddy portion of a red penalty area. While walking toward your ball, you see the turtle move your ball and it rolls down into the water. Although it would be both easy and quick to get your ball, you replace a different ball on the spot it was moved from to avoid getting your shoes dirty. While setting up to make your stroke, you have second thoughts about playing from the mud. Instead you decide to take penalty area relief. After taking relief, you play the ball onto the putting green and then complete the hole in two more strokes. What is your score for the hole?

(a) 4
(b) 5
(c) 6
(d) 7


There’s a lot going on in the penalty area on 14th hole (and if you played Round 2, you may have noticed our 🐢 friend seems to call this part of the course home) and we’ll start by reminding you of what was covered back on Hole 11, where we normally need to replace the original ball, but sometimes the Rules let us substitute.

In this case because your original ball can be quickly and easily retrieved, you must use the original ball in operating under Rule 9.6.

But what triggers the penalty for substituting a ball when not allowed? It’s not just the act of replacing another ball. This incorrect substitution is a procedural breach in which Rule 14.5 gives you the opportunity to fix up until you make a stroke, and your “second thought” about playing that incorrectly substituted ball also saves you the general penalty.

To understand this, you’ll need to dig a little deeper than the Rules, noting Interpretation 14.2/1 makes it clear that when you decide to take relief under a Rule, the replacement requirement under Rule 9 is not required – you can instead jump right into the other relief procedure.

So to add ‘em up correctly on Hole 14, you can forget about anything in Rule 9 (and that incorrect substitution), and just be sure to count all your talent strokes, and also that penalty stroke for taking penalty area relief, which makes your score on the hole 14 a five. 


(a) 4
(b) 5
(c) 6
(d) 7







Hole 15

Question: True or False: Your ball comes to rest in the fairway and you carefully set your bag down near your ball. While determining the yardage for your next shot, your bag falls over and moves your ball. You get no penalty for your ball being moved and are required to replace it on its original spot.

(a) True
(b) False


On Hole 15, you’re reminded that anytime a ball at rest moves, the answer to, “what caused the ball to move?” is of critical importance. While the answer here might seem simple – it was your bag that moved it – this question gives you a good opportunity to appreciate how interconnected the Rules are. As you’ve learned previously, Rule 9.2 only recognizes four things that can be responsible for moving a ball at rest.

You should start by excluding which of the four things are clearly not responsible.

  • Your opponent (or his or her caddie): There’s no mention of any other players here (nor any mention of match play), so you can exclude an opponent (or his or her caddie) and Rule 9.5.
  • You or your caddie: You carefully set your bag down and you were getting your yardage when it fell over and moved your ball. So, we can also exclude Rule 9.4. If you are thinking you still bear some responsibility, know that had you dropped your bag on your ball, you would be considered to have caused it to move, but this question is drafted to create space (or time) between your placement of your bag and it subsequently falling over so it is your bag and not you that caused your ball to move. In between the facts of this question and you dropping your bag directly on your ball is the tipping point and there’s not a black and white line defined by the Rules. There is a nuance here that will at times require a committee’s judgment to decide if you are responsible, but that’s not the case here.

That leaves two other possible reasons for your ball’s movement: natural forces (Rule 9.3) or an outside influence (Rule 9.6). Interpretation 9.6/1 will help you figure out which of these two things will apply, noting that Rule 9.6 applies if wind causes an outside influence (in this question your golf bag) to move your ball.

In this case, while there’s no mention of wind, gravity (which is also a natural force) clearly factored into your bag falling over and can be substituted into the Interpretation to give the same result.

That gets us to Option A – True – because when your ball is moved by an outside influence there’s no penalty and the ball must be replaced.


(a) True
(b) False

正确答案 A



  • 你的对手(或他或她的球童)。这里没有提到任何其他球员(也没有提到比赛),所以你可以排除对手(或他或她的球童)和规则9.5。
  • 你或你的球童:你小心翼翼地将你的球包放下,你在获取你的码数时,球包倒了并导致了你的球移动。所以,我们也可以排除规则9.4。可能你仍然认为你要承担一些责任,因为你知道假如是你把球包(直接)掉在你的球上,这会被认定是你导致了球的移动。但这道题目的文字就是为了在你放置球包和它随后倒下之间创造一个空间(或时间),这样就是你的球包而不是你导致了你的球移动。在本题的情况和你把球包直接掉在你的球上这两个事实之间存在着一个临界点,规则中并没有对此定义一个非黑即白的界限。这里的细微差别有时需要委员会来判断你是否有责任,不过本题的情况不需要。




Hole 16 

Question: Your tee shot comes to rest in the general area next to a pine cone and near a sprinkler control box. You have a reasonable but risky shot over a penalty area in playing toward the green. While simulating your swing to see if you have interference from the sprinkler control box, your club accidentally hits the pine cone and causes your ball to move. You replace the ball on the spot it was moved from without replacing the pine cone next to it. The wind changes direction, so you decide to chip out into the fairway instead of playing toward the green. You hit your next shot onto the green and complete the hole in two more strokes. What is your score for the hole? 

(a) 5 
(b) 6 
(c) 7 
(d) 8 


Counting up your “talent strokes” here gets to five, which also happens to be the correct answer (Option A). 

The facts included in this question requires you to ignore two significant red herrings. 

The first, is when you accidentally caused your ball to move. There’s no question it was your actions that caused your ball to move, so Rule 9.4 applies and your ball will need to be replaced before you play. 

However, knowing if you get a penalty requires a good understanding of how Exception 4 to Rule 9.4b is applied. A reading of two important Interpretations (Interpretation 9.4b/4 and 9.4b/5) will quickly get you up to speed to ensure you don’t also include a penalty in your score because your actions occurred “while” taking “reasonable actions” in determining if relief is available. 

The second is whether or not you need to replace the pine cone next to your ball. This takes you to Exception 1 to Rule 15.1a, which notes that when a ball needs to be replaced, there are times when loose impediments may not be removed. But it also makes clear that the Exception does not apply to a loose impediment moved when a ball is moved. Such is the case for that pine cone.  

问题: 你的开球停在普通区,球紧挨着一颗松果并在喷水控制箱附近。(如果)你向着果岭打,你就会有一个合理但要越过一个罚杆区的风险击球,在模拟你的挥杆动作以观察是否有来自喷水控制箱的干扰时,你的球杆意外地击中了松果,导致了你的球移动。你把球重置到了它被移动前的地方,但没有将旁边的松果放回去。风向改变了,所以你决定将球切到球道上,而不是向果岭打。你的下一杆(将球)打到了果岭上,再用两杆完成了这个洞。你这个洞的成绩是多少杆? 

(a) 5 
(b) 6 
(c) 7 
(d) 8  

正确答案 A 




然而,要知道你是否有处罚,需要很好地理解规则9.4b的例外4是如何应用的。阅读两个重要的解析(解析9.4b/4和9.4b/5)会让你迅速上手,以确保你不会在自己的成绩里加上处罚,因为你的行为是在判断是否可以补救而采取 “合理行动时 ”发生的。 


Hole 17 

Question: In which one of the following do you get the general penalty for not replacing your ball, when information concerning the ball’s movement only becomes known to you or your caddie after the ball has been played? 

(a) Your caddie marks the spot of your ball, lifts it and replaces it on the putting green. As your caddie is walking away and you are looking at your scorecard, neither of you notice that a gust of wind moved your ball a short distance. 

(b) While you are looking at your yardage book, your caddie is removing a gallery stake about 30 feet away from your ball. In removing the stake, the rope connected to it becomes loose, drops to the ground, and hits and moves your ball. Neither you nor your caddie were aware the ball moved. 

(c) After playing from the tee and while walking with your caddie to your ball, you are not aware a spectator had lifted your ball from the rough where it came to rest and tossed it into the fairway. 

(d) While your opponent is searching for your ball and without you or your caddie noticing, the opponent moved your ball a short distance. 


Hole 17 highlights a key part in the purpose statement of Rule 9: “players should take care when near any ball at rest, and a player who causes his or her ball to move … will normally get a penalty.” 

Further there are very few “hidden rules” in the Interpretations, noting our general messaging for their purpose is to provide guidance as to how to apply the Rules. Interpretation 9.2a/2 is a rare “rule maker” and it makes clear that if your (or your caddie’s) actions cause your ball to move, Rule 9.4 applies even if you do not have knowledge or virtually certainty of that occurrence. 

Armed with this important additional information, Hole 17 is pretty straightforward, noting that Option B is the only option in which you or your caddie were the cause of the movement. Not replacing before making your next stroke would earn you the general penalty. 

In all other options, because it is not known or virtually certain that your ball was moved when you made the next stroke, your ball is treated as having not moved and did not need to be replaced.  


(a) 你的球童在果岭上标记了你的球位,拿起并将它放置回原位。当你的球童走开的时候,你正在看你的记分卡,你们都没有注意到一阵风把你的球移动了一小段距离。 

(b) 你正在看你的码数本,同时你的球童正在约30英尺之外移除一根围绳桩。在移开木桩的过程中,连接木桩的绳子松动了,掉到了地上,砸中并移动了你的球。你和你的球童都没有意识到球被移动了。 

(c) 从发球台发球后,你和你的球童走到你的球前,你们不知道有一个观众把你的球从它静止的长草里捡起来并扔到了球道上。 

(d) 你的对手正在寻找你的球,在你和你的球童没有注意到的情况下,对手将你的球移动了一小段距离。 

正确答案 B 


此外,在解析中有极个别的 “隐规则”,请注意我们想传递的整体信息是:它们(存在)的目的是为了提供如何应用规则的指导。解析9.2a/2是一个罕见的 “规则制定者”,它明确指出,如果你(或你的球童)的行为导致你的球移动,规则9.4适用,即使你不知道或不能几乎肯定该事件的发生。 



Hole 18 

Question: In which one of the following do you get one penalty stroke for lifting or moving your ball or ball-marker? 

(a) You mark the spot of and lift your ball from a bunker because it interfered with another player’s stance. The other player played and in doing so, worsened your lie, but did not move the ball-marker. You carefully try to re-create your original lie, but in doing so, you accidentally move the ball-marker. 

(b) Instead of using a coin, you mark the spot of your ball on the putting green with a tee and lift the ball. While another player’s ball is in motion, you lift the tee because you thought that the other player’s ball might hit it. 

(c) After the Committee has suspended play due to darkness, you mark the spot of your ball in tall rough with a tee and lift your ball. Prior to resuming play the next morning and while trying to relocate the tee, you accidentally kick the tee, moving it a short distance. 

(d) Your putt for a three stops just short of the hole and you believe your partner has a short putt left for a four. Frustrated, you swing your club at your ball and knock it off the putting green. Your partner misses his putt, taps-in and says, correctly, “that’s six.” You suddenly realize you were mistaken about your partner’s score, so you replace your ball next to the hole and hole out. 


Though we send our Short Course through multiple levels of review, both amongst rules team staff and some extraordinarily generous volunteers, Hole 18, unfortunately and apologetically, has one-and-a-half correct answers … when this was brought to our attention it immediately reminded us of a  phrase that the rules community often leans on in times like these: 

There are only two types of referees. Those who have made a mistake and those who will. We now place ourselves in the former group. 

While Option D clearly results in one penalty stroke under Rule 9.4 (because striking the ball in frustration was not an accident), our error was in leaving a key piece of information out of Option A – were you asked to lift your ball because it interfered with the other player? While we intended that answer to be yes, it’s not stated in the answer. As a result, both D and A were credited as correct answers. 

With that said, Option B was where we thought we would garner the most debate. In part because it  was a challenge simply to figure out which Rule applies. You did take a deliberate action to influence the movement of a ball in motion, and if you played the last round of the Short Course, you should be having some flashbacks to Rule 11. In Rule 11.3, the Exception allows any ball at rest and in play on the putting green to be lifted at any time, while ball-markers are specifically excluded. That action earns you a general penalty (loss of hole in match play or two strokes in stroke play) under Rule 11.3 and with the question specifically asking in which of the Options do you get one penalty stroke, that would seem to exclude Option B. 

However, what about the penalty for lifting your ball-marker? Normally, that would be one-penalty stroke under Rule 9.7b, but you need to look at the totality of what has happened here and visit our good friend Rule 1.3c(4), which is keen on providing a quantity discount. That’s the case here, where your single act (lifting your tee) resulted in multiple breaches (Rule 9.7 and its one penalty stroke and Rule 11.3 and its general penalty) and only the higher-level penalty applies. 

Finally, in Option C, the fact that your tee is moved during a suspension of play does not change the outcome. Note that Rule 9.1 starts with a statement that all of Rule 9 applies both during a round and while play is stopped under Rule 5.7d. 

Rule 9.7 covers the movement of a ball-marker, which your tee is in this situation, and the Exception to Rule 9.7b notes that situations where you are not penalized for moving your ball also apply to your ball-marker. Looking back to Rule 9.4b, there is not penalty if your ball is accidentally moved during search, so there’s also no penalty here.  


(a) 你在沙坑中标记了你的球位并拿起了球,因为它妨碍了另一个球员的站位。那名球员打了球,令到你的球位恶化,但没有移动球标。你小心翼翼地试图重新恢复初始球位时不小心移动了球标。 

(b) 你没有使用硬币,而是在果岭上用一支球座标记了你的球位并拿起球。当另一位选手的球在运动中时,你拿起了这支球座,因为你认为那选手的球可能会撞到它。  

(c) 委员会因天黑而暂停比赛后,你用球座在高长草里标定了你的球位并拿起了你的球。第二天早上恢复比赛前,在试图重新找回那支球座的过程中,你不小心踢到了那支球座,使其移动了一段距离。 

(d) 你的第三杆推短了,球刚好停在洞口前。你以为你的伙伴剩下一个短推就可以用四杆完成该洞,你很沮丧地把球杆挥向你的球,把球磕出了果岭。你的伙伴没有推进,把球轻敲进洞后正确地说出“打了6杆”。你突然意识到你搞错了你伙伴的成绩,所以你把你的球重置到洞口旁边,然后击球进洞。  

正确答案 A或D 

 虽然我们的Short Course经过了多层的审阅,既包括规则小组的工作人员也包括一些非常慷慨的志愿者,但遗憾和抱歉的是,18号洞有一个半的正确答案……当这个问题引起我们注意时,它立即让我们想起了规则界在这种时候经常倚重的一句话: 


虽然,根据规则9.4,选项D明显会导致罚一杆(因为沮丧地击打球不是意外),但是我们的错误是在选项A中遗漏了一个关键信息–那位受到妨碍的球手叫你拿起球了吗?虽然我们希望这个回答是 “是”,但在答案中却没有说明。因此,D和A都被列为正确答案。 

按理说,选项B我们认为会引起最多的辩论。部分原因是,要弄清楚哪条规则适用,是一个挑战。你确实采取了一个故意的行动来影响运动中球的运动,如果你做过上一轮Short Course的话,你应该会对规则11有一些印象。在规则11.3中,例外允许任何在果岭上处于静止状态的球在任何时候被拿起,而球标则被明确排除。根据规则第11.3条,这种行为会使你受到一般性处罚(在比洞赛中输洞或在比杆赛中罚两杆),而问题中特别问到在哪个选项中你会得到罚一杆,这似乎排除了选项B。