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一图读懂2017新规则
新当地规则:球在果岭上的意外移动
作者:windy    资讯来源:本站原创    点击数:891    更新时间:2016/12/19

  2016128 日,R&A USGA联合发布了一条新的当地规则:关于球在果岭上的意外移动。此当地规则将于201711日生效。现将USGA 的文章部分摘录及翻译如下,同时将USGA 的图文翻译成中文供大家使用。


  Starting 1 January 2017, a Committee may adopt a Local Rule that modifies Rule 18-2 by providing that there is no penalty if a player accidentally causes his ball on the putting green to move. For consistency, this Local Rule also modifies 
Rule 18-3 to eliminate the similar penalty in match play when an opponent accidentally causes the player’s ball on the putting green to move.
  由201711日开始,委员会可以引用一条当地规则对规则18-2修改如下:如果一个球员意外地导致他位于果岭上的球移动,他不受处罚。为与此一致,这条当地规则也改写了规则18-3,即在比洞赛中,当一个对手意外地导致球员位于果岭上的球移动,同类的处罚也予以取消。

  As a related issue, this Local Rule also modifies Rule 20-1 by providing that there is no penalty if a player or his opponent accidentally causes the player’s ball-marker on the putting green to move.
  作为一个相关的问题,这条当地规则也改写了规则20-1,即如果一个球手或他的对手意外地导致球手位于果岭上的球标移动,他们不受处罚。

  If a Committee wishes to introduce such a Local Rule, the following wording is recommended:
  如果委员会希望引用这样一个当地规则,建议使用以下文字:

 “Accidental Movement of a Ball on a Putting Green 球在果岭上的意外移动

  Rules 18-2, 18-3 and 20-1 are modified as follows:  规则18-218-320-1改动如下:

  When a player’s ball lies on the putting green, there is no penalty if the ball or ball-marker is accidentally moved by the player, his partner, his opponent, or any of their caddies or equipment.
  当球员的球位于果岭上,如果此球或球标被球员、他的伙伴、他的对手,或他们任一人的球童或装备意外地移动,他们不受处罚。

  The moved ball or ball-marker must be replaced as provided in Rules 18-2, 18-3 and 20-1.
  被移动的球或球标必须根据规则18-218-320-1放回原位。

  This Local Rule applies only when the player’s ball or ball-marker lies on the putting  green and any movement is accidental.
  此当地规则仅适用于球员的球或球标位于果岭上且任何移动为意外所致。

  Note: If it is determined that a player’s ball on the putting green was moved as a result of wind, water or some other natural cause such as the effects of gravity, the ball must be played as it lies from its new location. A ball-marker moved in such circumstances is replaced.”
  注释:如果确定球员位于果岭上的球之移动是因为风、水或诸如引力等其他自然因素作用的结果,球必须在现有的新位置继续打。被上述情况移动的球标要放回原位。

球员/家长注意:

1 这是一条当地规则,与测距仪一样,只有委员会引用了这条当地规则,比赛中才会生效,否则,在果岭上意外移动了球依然要处罚。所以还是要看清楚当地规则。
2
,是不是意外移动并不是球员说了就算的,判例18-2/0.5是给裁判的指引,教导裁判如何收集及分析事实和证据以判定球移动的性质。该判例有一页半的长度,有经验的裁判还会有更多的技巧去帮助球员分析和判定,所以球员应如实回答裁判的问题。
3
,假如球发生移动,球员无法处置,又没有裁判到场,球员可以根据规则3-3打两个球。

英文原文链接:http://www.usga.org/content/usga/home-page/rules-hub/2017-local-rule/2017-local-rule-full-text.html

英文原图链接:http://www.usga.org/rules-hub/2017-local-rule/local-rule--accidental-movement-of-a-ball-on-the-putting-green0.html

图文版权归USGA 所有。

 

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